Civil war map union and confederate states. During the american civil war 18611865 the union also known as the north referred to the united states of america and specifically to the national government of president abraham lincoln and the 20 free states as well as 4 border and slave states some with split governments and troops sent both north and south that supported it. It is well that war is so terrible we should grow too fond of it states lee during the fighting. Union and confederate union and confederate pows of the civil war. The union included the states of maine new york new hampshire vermont massachusetts connecticut rhode island pennsylvania new.
The states of the american south seceded in protest of. Abraham lincolnpresident and commander in chief. The civil war is the most studied and written about episode in us. Primarily as a result of the long standing controversy over the enslavement of black people war broke out in april 1861 when.
The american civil war also known by other names was a war fought in the united states from 1861 to 1865 between the north and the south. For the united states that moment came in 1861. January 1 1863 president lincoln issues the final emancipation proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the union army. Abraham lincoln a self taught lawyer from illinois is elected the 16th president of the united states.
South carolina led the way out of the union on december 20 1860 and by march 1861 six more states outraged over lincolns election to the presidency and emboldened by south carolinas. Feb121809 april 151865. And a war for freedom it was. Primary documents quotes diaries.
Updated may 3 2008. Northsouth differences causes of the war timelines chartsoutlines maps flags.